Manual Diary of Anne Frank

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She immediately took to writing her intimate thoughts and musings. A few short weeks later, however, Margot received a notice from the Nazi SS to report for work detail at a labor camp. Eight people eventually came to live in the secret annex. Miep with Jan Gies.

The Diary of a Young Girl

On July 16, , Miep Santrouschitz married her boyfriend, Jan Gies, a social worker and member of the Dutch underground. Miep, Jan and three others risked their lives daily and acted as helpers for the people in the annex, and brought them food, supplies and news of the world outside the darkened windows.

Miep's friendship with Anne Frank was especially strong. When she wrote the diary, Anne changed all the names of the people in it, to protect them from Nazi retribution - except for Miep, whose first name remained the same. Miep brought her blank accounting books so Anne could continue to scribble her thoughts after she filled the checkered diary. Miep bought Anne her first pair of heels, secondhand red pumps, which Anne teetered around on, biting on her lip, until she mastered them.

Miep even supplied some lavender peonies to Peter, who presented them to Anne as a sign of his affection. One night, Anne persuaded Miep to sleep over in the attic.


Miep spent a suffocating, sleepless night on Anne's small, hard bed. She listened to the church clock across the garden chime at minute intervals, listened to her own heart pound. She became aware of what it meant to be imprisoned in those small rooms and felt a taste of the helpless fear these people were forced to endure day and night.

Prinsengracht It all ended on August 4, , when their hiding place was betrayed, probably by a Dutch woman Lena Hartog-van Bladeren. She was one of the cleaning women working in the office in front of the annex The eight who lived in the annex were arrested by the Nazis and taken to Gestapo headquarters in Amsterdam, where the courageous Miep rushed to plead for their release - in vain.

Two of the five who hid the group were sent to concentration camps. She herself was spared only because she was Austrian by birth, like the arresting officer. As the Nazis searched the annex for valuables such as money, the briefcase in which Anne kept her writings was opened and the papers were scattered on the floor.

Little did these men realize the eventual value of these materials. Miep, who had supplied all of the notebooks for her young friend' s diary, was determined to retrieve them, despite the enormous threat from the Nazis. Using a spare set of keys, she visited the ransacked attic after the arrests, in defiance of Nazi orders. There, among the scattered papers on the floor, she found Anne's red-checked diary. Without opening it, she put it in an unlocked drawer of her desk, hoping to return it to Anne after the war. May, Anne Frank ultimately ended up in this camp, after being evacuated from Auschwitz in October, Anne died here in April, , just a few weeks before the camp was liberated by the British.

She was 15 years old Otto Frank was the only survivor of the eight hidden Jews. Herman Van Pels was gassed upon the group's arrival at Auschwitz , September 6, Miep Gies hid the precious diary, keeping it for a year until official word arrived that Anne was dead. On that dreadful day, she reached into her desk drawer, removed the sheaves of paper, and handed them to a shattered Otto Frank.

Otto Frank decided to fulfill his daughter's wishes and arranged for the diary to be published in He lived with Miep and Jan Gies for seven years. He died in Miep Gies didn't just help the eight people in the annex.

After Proving a Huge Success in Europe, an American Editor Takes a Chance On the Diary

She and Jan Gies hid a young Jewish student in their apartment. Miep never told Otto Frank about that. Miep Gies. Today, more than fifty years later, Miep Gies has spoken all over the United States and Europe on behalf of the Anne Frank Center, an international organization dedicated to tolerance.

She lives alone in Amsterdam. Her husband, Jan, died in January , 87 years old. He was honored after the war for his work in the resistance, receiving the Yad Vashem medal in Israel in Not long ago Miep Gies told about her friends hiding in the Annex:. I have no word to describe these people who were still always friendly and grateful. Yes, I do have a word, Heroes.

True heroes they were.

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People sometimes call me a hero. I don't like it.. I myself, I'm just a very common person.

I simply had no choice. I could not save Anne's life. However, I did save her diary and by that I could help her most important dreams to come true. She tells us that she wants to live on after her death. Now, her diary makes her really living on in a most powerful way. And that helps me in those many hours of deep grief. It has happened that people walk up to me and ask me what I would answer to those who deny that the Holocaust even took place.

My response is that on August 4, , at 9'oclock in the morning I did meet a healthy and strong year old girl, Anne Frank. The next thing I saw was her name in a German list of people on a cattle train to Auschwitz. In her diary, she reflected on her "pen children," as she called her writings. On September 2, , she began to meticulously copy them into a notebook and added a table of contents so that it would resemble a published book.

Increasingly, she expressed her desire to be an author or journalist. On March 28, , a radio broadcast from the Dutch government-in-exile in London urged the Dutch people to keep diaries, letters, and other items that would document life under German occupation.

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Prompted by this announcement, Anne began to edit her diary, hoping to publish it after the war under the title "The Secret Annex. Just imagine how interesting it would be if I were to publish a romance of the "Secret Annex. But, seriously, it would be quite funny 10 years after the war if we Jews were to tell how we lived and what we ate and talked about here.

Although I tell you a lot, still, even so, you only know very little of our lives. On April 17, , Anne began writing in what turned out to be her final diary notebook. On the first page she wrote about herself: "The owner's maxim: Zest is what man needs!

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They were certain the war would soon be over. On August 4, , Anne, her family, and the others in hiding were arrested by German and Dutch police officials. Her last entry was written on August 1, I simply can't build up my hopes on a foundation consisting of confusion, misery and death, I see the world gradually being turned into a wilderness, I hear the ever approaching thunder, which will destroy us too, I can feel the sufferings of millions and yet, if I look up into the heavens, I think that it will all come right, that this cruelty too will end, and that peace and tranquility will return again.

In the meantime, I must uphold my ideals, for perhaps the time will come when I shall be able to carry them out. The Franks and the four others hiding with them were discovered by the Gestapo German Secret Police on August 4, A Gestapo official and two Dutch police collaborators arrested the Franks the same day.

Anne Frank - Diary, Quotes & Family - Biography

They were soon sent to the Westerbork transit camp and then to concentration camps. Anne's mother Edith Frank died in Auschwitz in January Anne and her sister Margot both died of typhus at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in March Their father, Otto, survived the war after Soviet forces liberated Auschwitz on January 27, Otto Frank later described what it was like when the Nazis entered the annex in which he had been hiding. He said an SS man picked up a portfolio and asked whether there were any jewels in it.